Flag of England: History, Representations and Current Implications

The flag of England carries in its structure a Red cross centered on a white background.

This cross extends from right to left and from top to bottom, its intersecting occurs in the center of the rectangle, and it is well known as St George’s Cruz (in English).

The cross has assumed the representation of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, which is the former cavalry system of England and the British honorific system (honors, decorations and medals).

Already the white background represents the white clothes dressed by the soldiers in their battles.

History of the Flag of England

So Jorge was a patron saint of the country during the 13th century. There were several legends of this courageous saint who defended a princess by killing a cruel dragon, and with his blood drew a cross on his shield.

During the Crusades, the soldiers wore white robes, thus generating the birth of the white background. The cross on the white background was used to represent the saint during his years of battles.

So Jorge is regarded as a saint in the Catholic, Anglican, Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox Church

What’s the Relationship Between the Crusades and the English Flag?

The pope had decided that all British Crusaders wore red tunics with white crosses, while the French opted for red in white.

The English then wanted to recover the emblem of a red cross over a white tunic and, in 1188, the kings of each country decided to change their flags.

However, some of the French soldiers continued to wear their old tunics, similar to the English. For this reason, the Red Cross over the white background eventually became the symbol for the Crusaders, regardless of their nationality.

United Kingdom, England or Britain?

That question usually brings questions to most people. Sometimes they refer to England, others to Great Britain, but it is rarely explained the difference between words. After all, what differentiates one place from each other? Find out once and for all the difference between England, Britain and the United Kingdom!

What Is England?

Of the three, this point may be the least that generates doubts. Situated on the island of Great Britain and part of the United Kingdom, it is the country that has as capital London.

Responsible for the considerable part of the UK economy, England also counts with its enormous contribution to music, art, tourism, soccer and culture in a general way.

Big Ben, London Eye, Parliament and Buckingham Palace, the official residence of Queen Elizabeth II, are just a few of the striking places located in London.

What Is Britain?

It is an island of Europe, the largest of the most 6000 islands located in the United Kingdom, comprising three countries belonging to the United Kingdom. They are: England, Scotland and Wales.

What Is the United Kingdom?

The United Kingdom is a political grouping comprising the three countries belonging to Great Britain plus Northern Ireland. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are the countries that form this group.

These countries have a certain autonomy and own laws, but they share the same legislation.

The main political decisions of this block are taken by the central Parliament, located in London, being elected by the people. Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state.

If there has been any doubt about the difference between England, UK or Britain, watch this video “The difference between the United kingdom, Great Britain and England explained”. In a visual and animated way the author makes a beautiful explanation on this topic.

Separation of the United Kingdom of the European Union (BREXIT)

Brexit is a short word as a way of saying that the United Kingdom is no longer part of the European Union (EU). The same way that Greece’s departure was dubbed Grexit in the past.

A referendum – a vote in which everyone (or almost all) of the age of voting can participate – was held on Thursday, June 23rd, 2016, to decide whether the UK should leave or remain in the European Union. The Brexit won by 51.9% to 48.1%. The referendum’s participation was 71.8%, with more than 30 million voters.

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