Law (from the Latin directum) is made up of the postulates of justice that constitute the normative and institutional order of a society. It is the set of rules that allow to resolve social conflicts. The agrarian, on the other hand, is linked to agriculture (work related to treating the soil, planting vegetables and transforming the environment to satisfy the needs of human beings).
Therefore, this concept refers to the issues of laws, regulations and legal provisions regarding rustic property or rural exploitation.
Agrarian law regulates the ownership and organization of agricultural holdings.
What is agrarian law
The agrarian law, therefore, is the set of norms, regulations, laws and provisions that regulate the property and rustic territorial organization and agricultural exploitations.
In other words, agrarian law is a branch of law that includes the regulatory norms of legal relations related to agriculture. This implies that, in its most basic forms, the origins of agrarian law go back a long time. It must be taken into account, for example, that agricultural exploitation made men become sedentary and begin to consider private ownership of real estate.
The industrialization of agriculture
In any case, the advancement of industry and technology applied to agriculture has made agrarian law more important in recent decades. Agricultural operations represent a movement of millions of dollars, which implies that each party involved in the process wants to defend their interests.
Law professionals who want to engage in this discipline must specialize in agrarian issues. Of course, the topics covered are specific and merely legal knowledge is not enough.
It is worth mentioning that what is known as agrarian reform are changes that are carried out in a society to improve the political or economic conditions with which the agrarian sector is treated. They are directed by that portion of the people affected through social uprisings, strikes or petitions to the State.
The incorporation of technology to agriculture gave more importance to agrarian law.
Statutes linked to agrarian law
Within this right there is a part dedicated especially to the way in which the State will regulate the distribution of its waters and lands, where communal or private assets are established.
Starting in the 18th century, an indiscriminate wave of development took place in the world, which strongly contributed to the progress of Humanity. From that time until now, we have gone through numerous changes, one quite fundamental is the way in which governments regulate their properties. and enforce justice.
In the field there were also abrupt transformations that slowly modified the form of exploitation, going from a time when the person who did all the work was man, helped by animals or rustic tools, to the present day in which the machine has almost replaced absolutely man. Due to these different changes, it was also necessary to adjust the legal regulation that had to maintain a balance in this space.
The statutes where agrarian rights are put into words are essential when a State does not comply with the treaties that it has signed with the community that is in charge of exploiting the rural territory, because that is when the entities that represent the needs and rights of the agrarian sector can governments to change their actions or put pressure on them, by denouncing non-compliance with the provisions of the legislative code, to provide security and stability to the peasant sector.