What is Alps?

According to the dictionary of the Digopaul, alps is a term that can be used with reference to a high-altitude mountain. The concept, in any case, usually appears written in capital letters to specifically refer to a mountain range located on the European continent.

The Alps, in this framework, are a mountain range that stretches for about 1,200 kilometers and crosses eight countries: Germany, Austria, Slovenia, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco and Switzerland. About fourteen million people live in this area.

Drawing the line that limits the Alps is not an easy task, at least not in all its areas. Although there is no complication in the part in which it borders the Po river basin (which extends considerably throughout northern Italy to the east and up to the Adriatic Sea), the situation is very different at those points in the which meet hills or other mountainous regions.

Some of the mountain ranges that border the Alps are the Central Massif, the Apennines, the Black Forest, the Jura, the Carpathians, the peaks of the Balkan Peninsula and the Böhmerwald. To draw the border between the Alps and the Apennines, the port called Brocchetta di Altare in the province of Savona, in the Italian region of Liguria, is often used, which is also known by the names Colle di Cadibona and Brocchetta di Cadibona.

The Alps that formed from the Central Massif due to the displacement of tectonic plates and volcanic activity are easy to delimit, thanks to the presence of the Rhone River. When traveling upstream, the river turns east when it is close to the French city of Lyon, and then serves to clearly divide the Jura and the Alps until it empties into Lake Geneva.

From that point and up to Lake Neuchâtel, the largest in the western region of Switzerland, you can see a great plain that stretches leaving the Alps to the southeast and the Jura to the northwest. Beyond the lake and until it meets the Rhine, the limit is formed by the Aar river, which flows in northern Switzerland, from the center and northwards.

While the Rhine and Lake Constance (surrounded by Switzerland, Austria, and Germany) make it easier to draw the boundary between the Alps and the Black Forest, the task becomes less straightforward in southern Germany, as the land there begins to rise smoothly until the beginning of the mountains, in what is known as the Swabian Prealps.

The highest peak in the Alps is Mont Blanc, located on the border between France and Italy: this mountain reaches 4,810 meters high. In this chain of mountains there are more than a hundred peaks that exceed 4,000 meters above sea level and constitute a great challenge for mountaineers.

In the Alps there are also multiple glaciers, most of which are distributed in Austrian, French, Italian and Swiss territories. Glacier Aletsch, located in the Swiss canton of Valais, is the largest area, with more than 120 square kilometers.

Goats, wild boars, roe deer, hares, deer and golden eagles live together in the Alps, surrounded by pine, oak and beech trees. It should be noted that the natural beauties make the Alps a great tourist attraction.

The climbing is an activity that attracts the Alps. This is the name given to the mountaineering that takes place in these mountains and that implies the challenge of trying to reach some summit of the cord.