According to DigoPaul, the biological sciences are those that are dedicated to studying life and its processes. It is a branch of the natural sciences that investigates the origin, evolution and properties of living beings.
These sciences, which are also grouped under the name of biology, analyze the characteristics of individual organisms and species as a whole, studying the interactions between them and with the environment.
There are multiple disciplines that belong to the realm of biological sciences, such as anatomy, botany, ecology, physiology, genetics, immunology, taxonomy, and zoology. Among these sciences, there are two that stand out: botany (the science dedicated to the study of plants) and zoology (dedicated to the study of animals). Both constitute the main branches of biology, while medicine is the science dedicated to the life, health, disease and death of human beings and is considered part of the health sciences.
Biological sciences have shown that all life is made up of cells based on a common biochemistry. Organisms use genetic material to transmit their hereditary characteristics, present in DNA. These principles are based on the existence of a common ancestor to all living beings that has followed a process of evolution (that is why biological organisms share similar processes). The basic unit of hereditary material is the gene, formed by a fragment of the DNA of the chromosome that codes for a protein. The knowledge of this fact allowed us to understand that all living beings need each other and we are related to each other and, above all, that the survival of some is only possible if the others also manage to survive.
The importance of knowing the environment to interact with it
Human beings, despite attempts to get further and further away from their animal essence, are part of nature; therefore, the knowledge of the species with which it shares its environment and the search for balanced relationships can be vital for its survival.
When we approach the environment and study it, we can also understand ourselves better, learning from our abilities and enhancing our abilities to achieve a better quality of life.
Within the sciences, biology is responsible for analyzing the interactions of the various species in a natural environment, preventing the consequences that a certain human action can have on a virgin or natural space. The work carried out by those specialized in this sector can be vital to preserve the planet. Today, in which so many human experiments have led to a significant imbalance in relationships with the environment, research and work to raise awareness about the search for a life that does not put oneself at risk is essential. the natural balance.
Problems related to the interaction of human beings with their environment are specifically studied by the various branches of biological sciences, detailed previously.
In this way, everything that has to do with situations caused by human beings that can cause contamination or damage to a natural space, will be studied by ecology; which will try to give answers and alternatives to heal the damage caused or work to shorten its consequences. On the other hand, it should be mentioned that the knowledge of the development of the rest of the species (life expectancy, physiological needs, relationships that it establishes, etc.) can be fundamental to ensure its survival, if it depended on human actions. Other branches of biology such as zoology are in charge of this work.