It is known as exact sciences, hard sciences, pure sciences or fundamental science to disciplines which are based on observation and experimentation to create knowledge and whose contents can be systematized from the mathematical language. This set differs from applied sciences due to the practical nature of the latter.
The accuracy and thoroughness are two of the main features of the exact sciences, where a branch is used scientific method more rigorous to test hypotheses. These sciences seek the irrefutableness of their postulates using quantifiable and objective predictions.
Likewise, it is interesting to mention that it is possible to distinguish between exact experimental sciences and non-experimental ones. In the first group are those that can prove their hypotheses through experiments.
The non- experimental exact sciences, on the other hand, focus on ideal objects. From some axioms, experts develop deductions that do not find support in sensible reality.
These disciplines, therefore, can be carried out from a process of logical deduction of novel statements driven by already known axioms or through the contemplation of new axioms, which cannot be derived from existing ones but neither contradict them.
It is important to note that these axioms are not considered true or false, but rather consistent. This is more easily understood when thinking that the knowledge provided by mathematics, physics or chemistry, among other exact sciences, is judged for its coherence and validity.
Exact Sciences and Everyday Life
When it comes to intellectual abilities, people in Western societies are often divided into two groups: those who have a knack for mathematics, and those who hate it. But this goes beyond mere interest, since individuals who claim to hate numbers are easily stunned by a simple count, be it an addition or a subtraction, and avoid direct contact with questions of exact type by all means, leaning by subjective appreciations.
The exact sciences, where mathematics stands out, tend to confront literature. However, if the life of a representative of each group is carefully observed, there are probably many situations in which they make use of the matter for which they claim not to be born.
In principle, our brain is much more complex than most people believe and it is very inaccurate to believe that it has or does not have the capacity for a certain discipline. In it innumerable operations are carried out of which we are not aware; For example, while we walk, we carry out various measurements and constant checks to maintain balance and to avoid colliding with other beings or objects. Analysis of speed, acceleration, anticipation of potential impacts, search for the necessary reactions to avoid obstacles, all this happens every time we move, prepare a cake, have a coffee or take a pencil to write a story.
If a poet did not understand mathematics, he could not measure his verses, and if his brain were incapable of processing physics concepts, he could not walk through a forest for inspiration, or sit on a rock to admire the majesty of the sea. In the same way, those people who escape from the letters are usually the ones who read the most, since they spend long hours educating themselves through books and digital material. They require the written word to receive knowledge from other times and to pass on their discoveries to future generations.
This confrontation is even more absurd when men oppose women and it is ensured that they present structural differences that lead them to one or another interest, since the immense influence of culture is ignored, which is the main responsible for tastes and vocations.