What is HTML?

The acronym HTML that means HyperText Markup Language which is defined on Abbreviationfinder, is based on a markup language to create documents that can be distributed over the Internet.

The HTML language can be created and edited with any basic text editor with knowledge of the codes that make up the language. However, the writing of an HTML document is very simple, it consists of an outer mark (tag), between signs of less than and greater than (<>), which function as commands of text formats, forms, links, images, among others.

In the heading the title and other parameters are included and, in the body the text is included, also, the color of the letters, images among other features can be included through the labels or marks.

Hypertext markup is used to link parts of the document with other documents, to create this link it is necessary to use the anchor tag together with the href attribute, which will indicate the URL to which the link points. Browsers identify the tags and present the page as it is formed.

The HTML language was created by the European Organization for Nuclear Research in 1945 in order to create a storage system that would connect through hyperlinks. In the year, 1991, the American Tim Berners-Lee was the first to propose 22 components of the HTML language.

The HTML design must correctly comply with the language and standards or specifications of W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), although in some it is governed by other regulations such as Spain with the UNE 139803 Standard.

The HTML5 is the fifth version of HTML that has new resources, especially in the area of graphic content and multimedia.


XHTML, an acronym for Extensible HyperText Markup Language which means “extensible language for hypertext marks”, is a reformulation of the HTML language with XML application.

In turn, XML is characterized by presenting a flexible and dynamic language that can be presented in various formats and easily interpreted, edited.

The HTML language is one of the most used for the production of web pages but certain devices such as: mobile phones fail to interpret the language effectively and, consequently, HTML tags are used with the XML language and what emerged today It is known as XHTML.