What is Maroon?

The adjective cimarrón is used to name an animal that is not domesticated and that, therefore, lives in a wild state. The domestic specimen that escapes from its home and settles in a wild area is also described in this way, becoming aggressive and antisocial.

Maroons can reach the wild voluntarily, fleeing from people, or by deliberate human action. Over time, these animals sometimes gather in herds that can pose a threat to wildlife and humans.

The dogs Maroons, for example, often attacking farms and chicken coops. They can even be crossed with other species, such as coyotes or wolves, giving rise to new hybrids. The wild horses, meanwhile, are those who are in the wild, although they have domestic predecessors.

In the same way, we cannot ignore the existence of a film that bears the title of the term at hand. Yes, it is titled “Cimarrón” and it was released in 1960.

Its director was Anthony Mann and it had a wide cast of actors that included such figures as Glenn Ford, María Schell, Anne Baxter and Harry Morgan. In the same way, it should be noted that it is the film adaptation of the novel of the same title written by Edna Ferber.

The same account that a married couple, formed by Yancey and Sabra, attend one of the free land distributions that took place in North America in the last bars of the 19th century, specifically during what was called the colonization of the west. Two people who are very different and who hope to have the life they have always dreamed of. He is an idealist who is willing to fight on any front if the goal is to defend a just cause while she aspires to be more than just a homemaker.

A maroon plant, on the other hand, is a wild variety of a plant that features cultivated varieties. Many times they are plants that people introduce into an environment to use as food.

The idea of the maroon is also applied with reference to the slaves who, in the American continent, ran away and lived in rebellion, moving away from the cities. These slaves used to settle in places known as quilombos or palenques.

Also known as maroon blacks, these men obtained weapons to defend their freedom. In the palenques they developed a community way of life, dividing tasks and food equally. Many times they organized the palenques as fortresses to prevent their masters from capturing them again.

It must be established that in Cuba the name of cimarrones was replaced by that of jíbaros.

The maroons must be borne in mind that their integrity was at stake when fleeing. And is that if their masters managed to catch them they were subjected to real savagery. Specifically, it was common for women to have their breasts cut off, for any of those runaway slaves to have their foot cut off and even for men to be castrated.