What is Performing Arts?

The performing arts are all those artistic manifestations created to be represented on a stage, mainly theater and dance, but also music.

The performing arts have essentially three essential and inseparable elements, which are the interpretation, the stage and the receiving audience. In this sense, it is a living and ephemeral art.

The stage, for its part, can be in a building or space specifically created for artistic interpretation, or it can be anywhere else, such as on the street.

The means of expression of the performing arts are varied, ranging from word and action, to sound and visual resources, all of which, combined and harmoniously combined, according to the aesthetic and conceptual budgets applied, merges to produce An aesthetic experience

Although there are fundamentally three artistic disciplines that are represented on stages such as theater, dance and music, these in turn are subdivided or combined into many others, such as opera, zarzuela, musical theater , the performance , the cabaret, the recital, the winks, the puppets or the circus, etc.

One thing in common has the performing arts: they all have a director in charge of coordinating the elements that make up the stage (lighting, decoration, costumes, setting) and the interpretation to convey a lively artistic representation.

Finally, the performing arts are also a career that can be studied at the university level, along which fundamental subjects are taught to understand the artistic phenomenon and reflect on it, but also to train as cultural interpreters or managers.

Main performing arts


Theater is the art of representing human stories, situations and conflicts through actors in front of an audience or audience. Its basic elements are text, direction, acting and set design. The director is the person responsible for coordinating all these elements under certain aesthetic and conceptual assumptions to transmit to the public what the story seeks.


Dance is the art of expressing, through rhythmic body movements, usually accompanied by music, feelings, sensations, ideas, concepts and stories. There are different types of dance, on the one hand there is classical dance, with ballet and contemporary dance, and on the other there are the folk, varied and typical dances of each region and culture (tango, flamenco, charleston, cumbia, joropo), and modern dance, which includes genres ranging from hip hop and breakdance to salsa and electro dance.

Musical shows

Music is the art of combining and organizing a set of sounds and silences according to the fundamental principles of melody, harmony and rhythm, to transmit feelings and sensations to the listener, and provide an aesthetic experience.

Between the musical genres dedicated to the scenic representation they emphasize the opera and the musical theater.

However, today, music as a scenic experience has been resized, since it can range from sober live performances, to mass shows with light games and fireworks, among other elements.