What is String?

String is a term that comes from the Latin chorda, although its most distant etymological origin is found in the Greek language. The concept is usually used to name the product formed by the union of various threads that is used to make ties or hold things.

A rope, in this sense, can be a rope or a string with various knots that allows directing a force or functioning as a support for something. For example: “Please find a rope to tie the luggage”, “The man tried to lift the fallen tree with the help of a rope, but could not”, “Investigators believe that the murderer committed the crime with a rope”.

Strings are also the threads that are part of musical instruments and that, when vibrating, generate different sounds. Bass, harp and guitar are some of the so-called string instruments : “The musician broke a string on his guitar but kept playing”, “I need to buy new strings for the violin”, “My ukulele has four strings”.

Each string must be tuned to a particular note, based on the convention corresponding to the 440th (an A that vibrates 440 times per second and is obtained, for example, with the help of a tuning fork); this allows any musician to obtain the same sounds, at the same height, each time he plays a given piece. Since a slightly lower tuning was used in the past, players seeking to revive performances from centuries ago are guided not by the A 440 but by the one that corresponds to the time.

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The strings of the instruments tend to lose tension over time, which directly affects their tuning and the color they are capable of emitting, for which musicians must always be attentive to make the necessary adjustments. In the same way, the wear and tear of use causes them to break sooner or later, or lose their shine and must be replaced.

On the other hand, the folds present in the larynx of the human being that are essential for phonation are known as vocal cords. Thanks to the vocal cords, we have a voice and can speak and sing.

According to the theory of lyrical singing, it is possible to distinguish between the following strings, that is, types of voice for men and women, ordered from the lowest to the highest, respectively: bass, baritone, tenor, contralto, mezzo -soprano and soprano. However, just like the rest of the traits of living beings, the voice is particular to each individual, and presents variations despite belonging to one string or another.

For example, it is said that the vocal length (also called range ) of a tenor should span two octaves, from third C on the piano to fifth; on the other hand, certain works require higher or lower notes, since these limits are estimates. A well-known example can be seen in the opera The Puritans by the Italian composer Bellini, which demands from the tenor the fa that is above the aforementioned limit (this note is called the high- pitched fa ).

In addition, within each string it is possible to distinguish various subclasses, such as coloratura soprano, light tenor or bass baritone, to name three of the many examples. A coloratura soprano is characterized by her great agility and her ability to sing very high notes, and this greatly differentiates her from the dramatic soprano, who has very corporeal bass and a resistance that allows her to tackle heavier roles.

A sane person, finally, is one who enjoys sanity(that is, good judgment ): “I am a sane woman, I am not going to do something crazy before my wedding”, “It seems that the grandmother is no longer sane: she gets the names confused and does not recognize her friends”, “Yes Juan was sane, he would not have allowed such a thing”.